Romania at the UN

Overview
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Overview

Romania's admission to the United Nations in the 1950s, under the conditions of the Cold War, was a difficult and time-consuming diplomatic accomplishment.
  • On August 13th 1946, at the Paris Peace Conference, the Head of the Romanian delegation, Gheorghe Tatarescu, declared that "Romania is determined to bring about without delay its total adhesion to the principles of the United Nations Charter, principles which it has already put into practice."
  • On July 9th 1947 the Romanian Government addressed an official request to the Secretary-General in which it stated that "Romania accepts all the obligations stipulated in the United Nations Charter."
  • On October 12th 1948 and on September 25th 1954 the admission request was reiterated.
  • On December 14th 1955, with Resolution 995 (X), the General Assembly of the United Nations admitted Romania into the United Nations and other specialized institutions of the system - such as FAO, UNESCO, ILO, and WHO.
  • In 1962, Romania occupied, for the first time, a seat on the Security Council, a position it was to hold again in 1976-1977 and in 1990-1991, during moments of high political tension - the election of the Secretary-General and the outbreak of the Gulf War, respectively.
  • In June 1963, at a session of the General Assembly, Romania voted for the first time in a different manner than the other socialist countries, in favor of a resolution presented by 10 Latin American countries aiming at the setting up of a nuclear-free zone in Latin America. The Romanian stand had its origin in an initiative put forward for consideration to the governments of the neighboring countries as early as 1957, seeking to turn the Balkans into a zone of peace and cooperation, free of weapons and missiles.
  • In 1965, through the Resolution 2129 (XX) setting up "regional actions with the view of improving the good neighborly relations between European countries having different social and political systems", the efforts of Romanian diplomacy were crowned with success.
  • In 1967, Romania's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Corneliu Mãnescu, held the position of President of the 22nd General Assembly of the United Nations.
  • In 1968 Bucharest hosted the joint meeting of the administrative and coordinating committees of the United Nations and a mini-summit conference of the supreme authorities of the United Nations headed by the Secretary-General.
  • In June 1970 the United Nations Information Center for Romania was opened in Bucharest, in 1971 the UNDP Office was established, and in 1972 CEPES was founded.
  • Following an initiative begun in 1970, the first UN survey on the economic and social consequences of the arms race was finalized under the supervision of a Romanian diplomat.
  • Romanian diplomacy also made a major contribution to the drawing up of the Declaration on the Principles of International Law Regarding Friendship and Cooperative Relations, in accordance with the UN Charter (1970) and the final text for the definition of aggression, adopted in 1974.
  • In 1976, Romania was admitted to the Group of 77 of developing countries
  • Visits paid by the Secretaries General of the United Nations to Romania:
    • U Thant in May 1963 and in July 1968;
    • Kurt Waldheim in August 1973, August 1974, when he participated in the World Population Conference in Bucharest, and in July 1979;
    • Javier Perez de Cuellar in September 1981;
    • Boutros Boutros-Ghali in October 1994.
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