ROMANIA’S TIMETABLE

FOR COMPLETION OF REFORMS

 

 

March 2003

 

 

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS

 

 

 

 

Romania’s Timetable for Completion of Reforms stresses Romania’s commitment to continue and finalise the reforms assumed by the Government in preparation for NATO membership, as well as for EU membership. These reforms are an integral part of the wider strategy to reform and modernise the Romanian society. They constitute a continuous and long lasting process over several years, with additional goals to be achieved in the coming months and years.

 

The document is based on continuity with the objectives already presented or achieved during the current and previous cycles of the MAP process. The Timetable for reforms is consistent with Romania’s ANP IV, with the EU Pre-Accession Strategy, and with other international commitments Romania has undertaken. The Timetable for Reforms focuses on those issues where Romania has to further consolidate progress achieved thus far.

 

It contains a number of legislative measures to place the legal framework on a solid base. Wherever possible, precise deadlines have been given.

 

The document highlights the main reform areas, in a priority-based manner. The order of the objectives listed in the indicative timetable provided by the Alliance has been slightly rearranged in coordination with the NATO International Staff, taking into account priorities for reforms in Romania as seen by Allied countries.

 

The Government has set up a mechanism to monitor the implementation of the objectives on a regular basis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION I: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES

 

 

OBJECTIVE 1: Complete the legal framework for the fight against corruption and fully implement the necessary measures

 

The fight against corruption is one of the highest priorities of the Romanian Government.

 

During the 3rd and the 4th MAP cycles, the Government has been taking numerous steps to significantly reduce corruption. The Romanian Government is firmly committed to continue with its strong reform plans, assuming responsibility for a comprehensive anti-corruption law. This law will be discussed with the civil society and the political groups in the Parliament. The Government is determined to allot the necessary resources in order to implement its anti-corruption strategy.

 

In order to intensify the fight against corruption a new institution was created, the National Anti-corruption Prosecutor’s Office. It was established on 1 September 2002 and is now operational.

 

The National Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office (NAPO) is an independent and autonomous structure with legal personality, which has its own budget and personnel, its own headquarters, as well as its own functioning regulations. It has both central and local structures. NAPO presents its annual report directly to the Parliament.

 

The General Prosecutor of NAPO is appointed by the President of Romania, based on the proposal of the Superior Council of the Magistracy. The General Prosecutor has a six- year mandate, with the possibility of renewing it only once, and can be dismissed by the President of Romania on the proposal of the Superior Council of Magistracy, at the suggestion of the Minister of Justice.

 

The prosecutorial activity is accomplished by joint teams of prosecutors, judiciary police officers and specialists in economic, financial, banking, customs, and IT fields. The process of selection of the NAPO’s personnel will be mostly completed by the end of the third quarter of 2003.

 

Since it was established, NAPO has investigated numerous cases of corruption charges. Statistics reveal that the fight against corruption covers all areas of activity and all levels, and political affiliation is irrelevant for investigators and prosecutors.

 

The concrete results of NAPO in the fight against corruption in all areas of activity and at all levels are significant. Between 1 September 2002 up to 1 March 2003, to 1,485 cases under investigation, with 869 already finalised, out of these 47 sent to trial. 154 persons were sent to trial, out of these 51 had leading and control positions, 7 were police officers, 2 syndic magistrates and 1 bailiff.

 

In order to complete the legislative framework for the fight against corruption, the following actions will be taken:

 

 

 

 

·       By the end of the second quarter of 2003:

- Pass comprehensive legislation to cover general regulations on preventing and fighting corruption, together with a set of amendments to previous laws and regulations in this field.

 

- finalise the draft Law on lobbying activities;

·      By the end of the fourth quarter of 2003, finalise the following:

-       Draft Law on Judicial organisation;

-       New Criminal Code.

 

The actions to be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2003 in order to implement the provisions of the existing legislation include:

·      Publish the Code of conduct for magistrates, with a view to informing the public opinion about the magistrates’ duties;

·      Finalise and publish the Codes of conduct for other categories of officials;

·      Make fully operational the new headquarters of NAPO (expenses allotted in the 2003 approved budget: approx. EUR 14,000  - 500,000,000 lei);

·      Continue the process of staff selection and appointment in the NAPO (expenses allotted within 2003 approved budget: about EUR 2,630,000 - 93,538,930,000 lei); (from 320 financed positions, 161 have been filled: 55 of 75 prosecutors, 36 of 150 policemen, 19 of 35 specialists, 44 of 50 auxiliary personnel, 7 of 10 administrative personnel);

·      Provide specific equipment to the 4 operative teams within NAPO;

·      Set up a specialised library for NAPO;

·      Set up the National Office for Witness Protection;

·      Organise 27 seminars for prosecutors and other specialised personnel investigating cases of corruption.

 

By the end of 2003:

·      Extend the random case distribution and management system, as well as establish a unified electronic number system in order to trace the corruption files in all the stages of the judicial procedure.

 

By the end of 2004:

·       Draft the Ethic Code for court clerks;

·       Set up the position of court manager covering 200 courts.

 

The Romanian Government aims to develop programmes that involve the civil society in the fight against corruption. For example, from the 2003 budget, around EUR 8,600 (300,000,000 lei) will be allotted in order to implement a joint program with a Romanian NGO (The League for the Defence of Human Rights) aiming at increasing the level of the civic awareness on social control over corruption and the role of civil society in preventing corruption.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 2:  Ensure the provision of sufficient administrative capacity to sustain reforms

 

In view of Romania’s future NATO membership, as well as EU membership, the Romanian Government is fully committed to improve the efficiency of public administration and public services and to establish the necessary legal framework and institutions for the reform of public administration. A special attention continues to be paid to increasing the capacity of public administration to implement laws and reforms, also by regular professional training.

 

An important objective assumed by the Government is to make the judicial system more effective, guaranteeing its independence and making it strongly resistant to any attempts of corruption.

 

By February 2003, the objective of ensuring financial independence of all magistrates by increasing their wages, as well as the objective of increasing by 30% the wages of magistrates and other highly qualified personnel involved in the fight against corruption, were accomplished.

 

In the field of justice, the actions include:

·      By the end of 2003:

-       Improve the working conditions of magistrates and auxiliary personnel, by finalising 8 investment projects and 23 major overhauls of a number of courts.

 

·       By the end of 2004:

-       Set up specialised courts for minors and family, labour cases, commercial and fiscal cases.

 

In the field of public administration, the actions to be completed include:

 

·       By the end of the second quarter of 2003:

 

-       Establish and make operational the National Regulatory Authority for Municipal Services (as well as its territorial units).

-       Create a professional Civil Servants Body - the Civil Service Reform – by completing the Law on the Civil Servant Statute and reviewing the appropriate legislation in the field as well as the structures and the personnel working in the ministries and other central public authorities;

-       Review the Law on local public administration;

-       Continue to strengthen the administrative capacity of the European Integration structures within the ministries and the prefects’ offices (prefectures) by increasing the number of specialists in this field;

-       Submit the draft Law on the National Action System for Civil Emergencies to the Parliament;

-       Reorganise the decentralised public services of the ministries in the counties;

-       Strengthen the Departments for European Integration in the counties and local councils;

-       Pass the Law on local elected officials;

-       Make operational the National Administration Institute;

-       Finalise the draft Law on organising and functioning of public administration in Bucharest municipality.

 

By the end of the fourth quarter 2003:

-       Harmonise the Administrative Code, the Administrative Procedure Code, and the Electoral Code with European legislation;

-       Continue to transfer certain community services (the electronic record of population, issuing of passports) under public administration authority.

 

The long-term actions include:

·       Gradually, by 2005:

-       Implement electronic procedures in public administration (introduction of electronic ID cards, on-line access to services provided by central and local public administration, intranet networks for local administration, projects on digital signature certification, collecting local taxes and fees through electronic means).

·      By the end of 2006:

-       Complete the transfer of certain community services (civil defence and fire-fighters) under public administration authority.

 

Ongoing actions include:

·       Investments for the rehabilitation, modernisation and extension of municipal services on the basis of national sectorial programmes (in accordance with the implementation timetable agreed with the European Union).

 

Other important areas that the Romanian authorities are determined to implement further reforms in are the customs services and the penitentiary system.

 

In the field of customs services, a comprehensive package of specific actions will be completed by the end of 2004 in order to strengthen the operational and administrative capacity of the customs service, provide the customs service with advanced equipment for surveillance and control and to secure the borders. Cooperation with the customs authorities of other countries and with international organisations will be strengthened as well. Acknowledging the importance of personnel training in the field of customs services, the Romanian Government will increase the number of training programmes both at central and local level, and will implement the code of conduct for customs officials.

 

In the field of the penitentiary system, the main actions to be completed include:

·       By the end of the second quarter 2003:

-       Open a new penitentiary hospital in Bucharest;

-       Conclude the Protocol of cooperation with the National Employment Agency, with a view to ensuring the social reintegration of minors and young people released from detention;

-       Pass the draft Law on the status of the civil servants that work in the penitentiary system, with a view to demilitarising the penitentiary personnel.

·       By the end of the first quarter 2004:

-       Draft a law on enforcement of judgement, in accordance with the provisions of the new Criminal Code and international standards.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 3: Consolidating macroeconomic stability (growth, employment, prices, state budget and balance of payments)

 

The latest macroeconomic data strongly assert Romania’s entry on a sustainable development path. Sectoral strategies and national programmes, in accordance also with the EU Pre-Accession Economic Programme, support the main objectives and related governmental actions for continuing economic reforms. Further improvement and consolidation of macroeconomic stability is expected, maintaining high rates of the GDP growth. Gradual disinflation will continue through prudent monetary policy maintaining liquidity control, exchange rate policy allowing moderate appreciation in real terms to accommodate productivity gains, consistency of the macroeconomic policy mix. Maintaining the unemployment rate at reasonable levels is expected to be sustained by the economic growth, and by implementing measures included in the Employment National Plan (active programmes for the unemployed, incentives for employers hiring young people and disadvantaged persons, “job rotation”, training assistance system reform, growing flexibility and mobility on the labour market, supporting SMEs development, knowledge-based economy opportunities a.o.).

 

The actions to be completed in 2003 include:

1.    Achieve a GDP growth rate of around 5%;

2.    Gradual disinflation: inflation rate target (Dec./Dec.) below 15%;

3.    The target for the consolidated general government deficit is established at 2.65% of the GDP in 2003;

4.    Non-inflationary financing of the consolidated general government deficit;

5.    Maintain public debt-to-GDP ratio at reasonable levels (around 31% in 2003);

6.    Contain the Balance of Payments (BoP) current account deficit below 5% of GDP;

7.    Maintain the unemployment rate at reasonable levels;

8.  Review the legislation in force concerning Foreign Direct Investments (FDI).

 

Note:

 

a. Regarding the gradual disinflation, the inflation rate is expected to reach one digit by 2004.

b. The targets set out in 1, 3, 4, 6, 7 apply also for the successive years.

c. The final figures for 1, 3, 5, 6 will be available in March next year.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 4: Pursue key economic reforms and restructuring, including the strengthening of the private sector

 

The strategic short and medium term options of the Government in the economic field focus on accelerating privatisation and restructuring, strengthening the financial and banking sectors reform, as well as improving the business environment, increasing competition and attracting more foreign investments. In 2001, the contribution of the private sector to the Gross Domestic Product was 67,9%.

 

The privatisation process will be accelerated under the provisions of the Privatisation Law, which stipulate transparency and equal treatment for all investors.

 

By July 2003:

·       Privatisation procedures for BCR (Romanian Commercial Bank) will continue.

 

·       Privatisation of two electricity distribution branches from MIR (Ministry of Industry and Resources) portfolio will be completed.

 

The actions to be completed by the end of 2003 include:

·       Privatise at least 200 state-owned companies from APAPS (Authority for Privatisation and Management of State Ownership) portfolio, out of which 20 large companies, the others being small and medium-sized enterprises (including companies spun-off from larger enterprises);

·       Complete the privatisation of two natural gas distribution companies from the MIR (Ministry of Industries and Resources) portfolio;

·       Finalise the privatisation of PETROM (the Romanian National Oil Company) from MIR portfolio;

·       Continue to restructure the defence industry by privatising the companies spun-off from the National Company ROMARM, resizing the production capacities according to the national defence system needs, developing partnerships with NATO countries, attracting foreign investments and ensuring the compatibility of Romanian defence products with NATO standards;

·       Unify the fiscal regulations, elaborate and finalise the Fiscal Code and the Fiscal Procedure Code;

·       Adapt the Company Law and the Companies Register, in accord with EU legislation.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 5: Ensure macroeconomic affordability and sustainability of the defence spending

 

The improvement and the consolidation of the macroeconomic performances allow Romania to comply with its international commitments, including those that NATO membership entails.

 

The following measures will be applied in 2003:

·       Allot 2.38 percent of GDP for defence expenditures for 2004.

 

Note:

 

a. The target set out for the defence budget applies also for the successive years.

b. The ratio of 2.38% GDP for defence expenditures is stipulated in the Law on approving the state budget. Therefore, this law guarantees approval by Parliament of the above-mentioned GDP ratio.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 6: Continue to improve the export control system

 

Export control represents a major component of the national foreign and security policy. Since 1990, Romania has become a member of all international regimes and arrangements in the field of arms control and non-proliferation, except for the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), to which our country is still a candidate.

 

The commitments thus undertaken have been implemented at the national level by means of enacting a specific legal framework and by institutionalising the system and necessary mechanisms for the control of imports and exports of conventional arms, WMDs, and dual-use goods and technologies. The primary export control regulations of 1992 has been permanently improved and up-dated according to relevant international developments.

 

The Government of Romania enforces strict control of strategic exports. The National Agency for Export Control (ANCESIAC) together with the competent authorities (MFA, MoD, Customs, Ministry of Interior) are involved in a careful scrutiny of export license applications, which are granted only when in compliance with Romania’s international obligations and if there is no risk that such exports might affect regional and global security and stability, including through the risks of diversion and of terrorist activities.

 

The Government of Romania is fully committed to continue the development and maintenance of the responsible and transparent strategic export control policies and mechanisms. The main objectives are to:

-       Further strengthen the current legal and institutional framework, according to relevant international decisions and regulations;

-       Ensure stronger cooperation among national enforcement authorities;

-       Extend internal and external outreach activities as a means of promoting and supporting the implementation of responsible export controls;

-       Increase transparency and accessibility to information concerning strategic exports.    

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 7: Continue to take measures to solve community issues (Roma minority, children protection, restitution of properties)

 

The existing legislation concerning minority issues and the effective way of implementing this legislation prove that Romania has found appropriate solutions for settling minority issues, a fact also acknowledged by the EU Commission.

 

Further actions will be completed in order to ensure the full integration of the Roma minority into society. Regarding other community issues, the Romanian Government is committed to further protect and promote children’s rights and to ensure the completion and implementation of the legislation on adoption. A special attention will be paid to the restitution of properties.

 

 

7.1. Roma minority

 

Romania’s objective is to continue to protect Roma minority rights by taking resolute action against all forms of discrimination and to continue to improve the integration of the Roma minority into Romanian society. In 2001, The Romanian Government adopted a Strategy for the improvement of the Roma situation. This strategy covers a period of 10 years. In a meeting with the President of Romania on 5 February 2003, representatives of the Roma community expressed their satisfaction with the improvement in the situation of their community in Romania.

 

In 2003, EUR 1.6 million (61 billion lei) will be allotted from the approved budget for the implementation of the Romanian Government Strategy for the improvement of the Roma situation. This amount is part of the commitments of Romania under PHARE 2000. In addition, an amount of EUR 6 million is allotted to Romania under PHARE for programmes designed for the Roma minority.

 

An additional amount of approx. EUR 85,000 (3 billion lei) will be allotted for combating discrimination, including ethnic discrimination. An amount of EUR 60,000  (2 billion lei) will be allotted for actions aiming at combating racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia.

 

The actions to be completed by the end of 2003 include:

·       Draw up and implement community programs to improve the integration of Roma into society, with special attention to the police.

 

Ongoing actions:

·       Further implement the objectives and activities included in the Romanian Government Strategy for the improvement of Roma situation.

·       Continue the cooperation with the European Union, Council of Europe, as well as with other international financial institutions (IBRD, EBRD), in order to support the implementation of projects of interest for Roma social integration; 29 NGO projects will be implemented within 10 months (2002 – 2003) under the second PHARE programme “Developing Civil Society 2000” (EUR 900,000 – 32 billion lei); they focus on such issues as public administration and community development, education, health, social security, civic communication and participation.

·       Assisted by EU experts, the National Office for Roma designed in 2002 a new PHARE financing procedure, so that several priorities of the Strategy for Roma will be more easily addressed in 2003 – 2005.  Among these, the most important are professional training and employment of the Roma, tackling the housing problem according to European standards, and facilitating the access of Roma to health care services

·       Full implementation of the Action Plan, started in 2002, Roma 2002 – Together for Europe. The programme aims to build a database for Roma and set up a public institution for raising identity awareness for the Roma minority.

·       Strengthen cooperation with the civil society by concluding protocols and partnerships with the representatives of the Roma minority.

·       Hire police officers able to communicate in the language of the respective national minority in the police structures from territorial-administrative units in which the percent of the persons from a certain national minority is over 20%;

·       Adjust the Ministry of Interior’s personnel recruitment system and promote the police officer profession within the Roma communities;

·       Admit roughly 400 members of the Roma community to universities by affirmative action;

·       Provide advisers on Roma affairs to county administrations and to several municipal administrations;

·       Establish a theatre for the Roma community, performing in Roma language and cultivating Roma history, traditions and culture.

 

 

7.2. Child protection

 

Romania’s objective is to fully protect and promote children’s rights. Important progress in this field has been achieved in 2001 and 2002. With regard to child adoption, the existing legislative framework will be completed with a comprehensive legislation package. Institutional and administrative capacities will be developed in order to ensure the proper implementation of the legislation on adoption.

 

The actions to be completed include:

·      By the end of the second quarter of 2003: pass new regulation on the professional maternal assistant (foster care) status;

·      By the end of June 2003:

-                         Pass the legislative package on child protection:

-       Law on child protection;

-       Law on the establishment, organisation and functioning of the Romanian Office for Adoptions;

-       Law on the organisation, functioning and financing of the National Authority for the Protection of Children’s Rights;

-       Law on the legal framework for adoptions.

-       Adopt the regulations on the accreditation and inspection system of the child protection service providers.

 

Other actions include:

·      By the end of September 2003:

-       Amend the regulations concerning the financial basis of the child protection system in order to stimulate the development of alternative services.

 

·       By the end of December 2003:

-       Pass the quality standards and the personnel norms for all types of services;

-       Develop the work instruments in order to identify all existing services at the level of each county and the real needs of the system and to promote the measures implied;

-       Implement the accreditation and inspection system for child protection services;

-       Increase the quality of caring for children with handicap;

-       Integrate the children with special needs into the regular educational system.

 

The financial resources in the field of child protection include:

 

·       The National Authority for Child Protection and Adoption will finance this year 3 Programmes of National Interest, as following:

- “Closure of old type institutions for children with handicap/ special needs, which cannot be restructured/ rehabilitated”, with a budget of ROL 94.4 billion (EUR 2,625,000)

- “Social integration of street children”, with a budget of ROL 7.1 billion (EUR 197,500);

- “Social and vocational integration of children/ young persons in state care institutions that have turned 18 years of age”, with a budget of ROL 16 billion  (EUR 444,900)

 

·       ROL 5,800 billion (EUR 161,300,000) are allotted for the child protection in the state budget law;

·       A number of programmes are funded from external sources.

 

 

 

7.3. Restitution of properties

 

The 3rd and the 4th MAP cycles reflect a continued focus on the restitution of properties. The Romanian Government is determined to further improve the legal and institutional framework for restitution of properties, as well as its implementation.

 

Regarding the individual restitution of properties, the Romanian Government is committed to take all the necessary further actions in order to reduce as much as possible the number of individual restitution cases decided against the Government by the Council of Europe.

 

The actions to be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2003 include:

 

·       Draft the norms for the unitary application of the Law on the restitution of properties with a view to increasing the efficiency of the administrative bodies involved in the restitution activities;

·       Complete the legal framework regarding compensations for abusively confiscated properties;

·       Solve claims over the properties by the involved institutions on the basis of proving documents submitted to the city halls and prefects’ offices / prefectures (for restitutions in kind).

 

By the end of the fourth quarter of 2003:

·       Continue the implementation of the Laws on the establishment and the re-constitution of the property rights over agricultural lands and forests for the whole agricultural area.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 8: Continue to ensure democratic control of armed forces and civil – military relation

 

Civilian democratic control over the security sector and civil - military relations are important dimensions of Romania’s security and defence policy. The existing constitutional and legal provisions ensure the necessary framework for the exercise and development of corresponding oversight policies and measures at the level of defence objectives and resources.

 

Public accountability of the military institution has significantly increased with the implementation of the defence budget on the basis of major programs, which are approved on an annual basis by the Parliament. In 2001 the Romanian Ministry of Defence established a special department to ensure increased cooperation with the Parliament’s specialised Committees, to provide regular reports and responses to hearings, and to contribute to the process of legal harmonization as well to develop the relations with the mass media.

 

The following ongoing actions will be completed in order to improve the democratic oversight and the civil-military relations:

·       Improve organisational management within the Ministry of National Defence and develop flows of information and cooperation between the central structures within the Ministry of Defence;

·       Increase the civilian expertise on political-military issues, including the expertise of the members of defence, public order and national security Committees in the Parliament;

·       Improve the legal framework for the armed forces role and responsibilities;

·       Strengthen the cooperation with non-governmental organizations with a view to developing a consolidated security community.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 9: Continue to ensure that public opinion is sufficiently well informed and supportive of NATO membership and the objectives of the Alliance

 

Romania continues to enjoy an overwhelming percentage of public support for NATO membership. The strong public support for NATO membership is correlated with a high percentage of citizens in favour of Romania’s participation in NATO-led missions, as well as in other international peacekeeping operations.

 

Following the invitation received by Romania to begin accession talks with NATO, the percentage of public support for NATO has increased.

 

According to a December 2002 public opinion poll, if a referendum for Romania’s integration into NATO had been organised at the time, 86% of the population would have voted in favour of NATO membership. 

 

The Government is committed to carry out and actively support further initiatives on raising the public opinion awareness with regard to the obligations and responsibilities of Romania as a future Ally, including its military and financial obligations. These initiatives will include: conferences, seminars, studies and debates on NATO related issues in Bucharest and other cities, as well as visits of Romanian public opinion leaders to the NATO Headquarters and visits of foreign journalists to Romania.

 

Cooperation between governmental and non-governmental institutions has increased. Non-governmental organisations have already organised numerous meetings, round-tables and conferences on NATO-related issues in order to raise public awareness on the costs, responsibilities, rights and duties associated with NATO membership. Non-governmental organisations are aware of the advantages of a close collaboration with the NATO Office of Information and Press and will submit a number of concrete civil-society driven projects to the latter.

 

A NATO information centre was inaugurated on 22 December 2002 in Cluj – Napoca (Western Romania) by the Minister of Public Information as a further step in the Government campaign to inform the public about NATO.

 

On 14 January 2003, the Prime Minister of Romania inaugurated the first “NATO Senior Executive Master” degree course at the National University for Political and Administrative Sciences. The courses are open to representatives of central and local administration, NGOs and private individuals, and are meant to promote and consolidate an in-depth knowledge about NATO.

 


 

SECTION II: DEFENCE / MILITARY ISSUES

 

 

Objective 1: By the time of accession, ensure that there are no constitutional or legal restrictions that could inhibit collective defence operations.

 

Romania has already reviewed the legal arrangements and there are no impediments that could inhibit collective defence operations or Romanian participation in NATO operations.  By the time of accession, Romania will have improved current legislation and simplified procedures regarding the deployment of Romanian forces abroad and the use of the Romanian territory by Allied Forces.

 

Objective 2: Implement the long-term Armed Forces Restructuring Plan with the aim of reorganising/developing more flexible/capable and more deployable and sustainable forces able to contribute to the full range of Alliance missions. As a part of this objective, it is aimed at establishing force and command structures, including the organisation of those  compatible with Alliance’s force and command structures and in line with NATO requirements.

 

Romania has already revised its National Security Strategy, taking into account the post 9/11 security environment. By autumn 2003, Romania will also have revised its National Military Strategy that will incorporate the preliminary requirements as set out in draft force proposals for Romania. Romania will undertake a fundamental review of its force structure by the end of 2003 in order to enhance the deployability and sustainability of active forces made available for the full range of Alliance missions and will review the operational requirement for its territorial forces.

 

Objective 3: By the time of accession, be prepared to commit forces and capabilities for participation in NATO operations, using the defence planning process to help identify and prepare the specific units/forces/capabilities, including specialised capabilities as „niche capabilities”.

 

By 2007, if identified as requirements of NATO force planning process, Romania will gradually make available formations of all services according to the sustainability capability, up to a division framework. Romania is also ready to provide other capabilities requested by the Alliance: mountain troops, military police, psy-ops, air transportation, reconnaissance (UAV), and NBC.

 

Objective 4: By the time of accession, complete the implementation of the  necessary measures to ensure connectivity with NATINEADS in order to integrate the national air defence system and airspace control structures in the NATO air defence system.

 

By the time of accession, Romania will be ready to ensure connectivity of its national airspace control and surveillance capabilities to NATINEADS. In addition, all necessary legislation regarding civil and military airspace responsibilities concerning the airspace will be compatible with NATO policies in the field. By the time of accession, Romania will contribute with forces and installations to NATINEADS, under NATO command.

 

Objective 5: Establish by the time of accession Host Nation Support arrangements, including the development of a database with points of contact and the identification of railheads, airports and seaports of debarkation to enable the reception and onward movement of Allied forces.

 

Romania has already provided the HNS catalogue to NATO. It will further improve the HNS arrangements already established, including the adequate civil emergency planning interfaces. By the time of accession and in conjunction with the NATO Military Authorities, Romania will identify the infrastructure elements necessary for the cooperation with the Alliance.

 

Objective 6: By the time of accession, adapt the military education and training to reflect NATO strategy, doctrines, procedures and standards. 

 

Romania has already adapted its military education and training system to meet NATO requirements and has established a Training Simulation Centre. Between 2003 and 2005, all joint and service training documents will be revised to reflect NATO strategy, doctrines, procedures and standards. All forces will be trained in accordance with the new documents by the end of 2007.

 

Objective 7: Ensure that by the time of accession an adequate number of personnel has been selected and trained to meet NATO language proficiency level in order to be able to fill positions in NATO headquarters and their liaison offices for allied capitals. Provide the adequate liaison personnel for Romania and NATO headquarters in order to ensure the processing of NATO information.

 

Romania has already doubled its English language training capacity. By the time of accession, Romania will have ensured that all personnel required to fill positions in NATO military HQs and liaison offices to NATO HQs are selected and trained to meet English language proficiency levels in order to ensure an efficient communication between the Alliance and Romania and to appropriately process NATO classified informations.

 

Objective 8: Remain committed to ensuring that an effective defence planning process is being established.

 

Romania has already implemented the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Evaluation System (PPBES) that covers a six-year planning period, with assessments and annual reviews that meet the NATO defence planning requests. Romania will remain committed to making its defence planning system efficient in order to be responsive to NATO's similar process and its own national defence review by improving its internal structures and procedures in the field

 

Objective 9: Remain committed to maintaining the level of defence expenditures necessary to support the defence reform and to ensuring that defence expenditures include the adequate level of capital investment to modernise equipment and infrastructure and to increase force interoperability, deployability and sustainability.

 

Romania will remain committed to maintaining a level of defence expenditures sufficient to support the defence reform and modernisation of the military according to the Force Goals and the concept for the future force structure. To this end, Romania will envision to provide the appropriate level of capital investment to modernise military equipment and infrastructure and to increase interoperability and combat effectiveness, deployability and sustainability. The level of defence expenditure will be maintained at 2.38% of GDP through 2006 and will remain at a level to support continued reform thereafter. Romania’s long-term target is to maintain a minimum of 2.38% of GDP.

 

Objective 10: By the time of the de jure accession into NATO, ensure that the personnel designated into positions that process NATO information’s and in command and staff positions in deployable units meet NATO English language proficiency standards.

 

By the time of accession, Romania will ensure that all personnel that fill in positions that make necessary the use of NATO documents on a regular basis as well as command and staff positions in deployable units meet NATO language proficiency standards.

 

Objective 11: Remain committed to establishing personnel structures compatible with those of NATO and Allies. Surplus manpower is to be retired, made redundant or professionally retrained.

 

Romania will remain committed to establishing personnel structures comparable with those in Allied countries and will continue to ensure that surplus manpower is decreased through retirement, redundancy or professional re-training.  Romania will further reduce the number of conscripts, while increasing the number of contract enlisted personnel.   Civilian personnel will be downsized with about 40% by 2007. The reductions have been fully supported through assistance programmes to help redundant personnel prepare for their transition to the civilian sector. To this end, Romania will continue to pursue an active re-training programme and the redundancy payment system.

 

Objective 12: Remain committed to providing a transparent personnel management and to introducing career patterns comparable with the ones of the Allied countries by the time of accession.

 

The career pattern established by the Military Career Guide will be refined based on the lessons learned by the end of 2003. The establishment of personnel boards has improved personnel selection and promotion by placing transparency and merit at the very foundation of the process. Over the 2003 to 2005 timeframe, Romania will improve this system by elaborating individual career progression plans.

 

Objective 13: Remain committed to disposing of all items of excess major equipment.

 

Romania has established a Sales Agency to manage the equipment disposal and demilitarisation proposed and to ensure that the sale and destruction of the equipment are in accordance with international agreements and regulations. The Sales Agency has overall responsibility for the disposal of the excess equipment, while the military units are responsible for its security until it is sold, transferred or destroyed. Surplus equipment will continue to be identified during the ongoing restructuring process and turned over to the agency for disposal. The excess military infrastructure will be transferred to local authorities free of charge. The re-conversion responsibility of these bases falls with the future owner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION III: RESOURCES

 

 

OBJECTIVE 1: By the time of accession, adapt national procurement rules, as appropriate, to allow the conduct of National Competitive Bidding and International Competitive Bidding procedures for NATO Security Investment Programme (NSIP) projects in line with NATO procedures.

 

The national regulations as far as public acquisition in the military fields is concerned will be reviewed by July 2003.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 2: Adapt national budget regulations, as appropriate for the payment of contributions to NATO common-funded programmes and budgets and to provide for the operation and maintenance of NSIP accounts.

 

The actions to be completed are the following:

·       By May 2003, adjust initial forecast of national contribution to NATO common-funded programmes and budgets;

·       Include the contribution in the annual budgets.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 3: Adapt national tax regulations, as appropriate, to facilitate NATO’s tax exempt functioning.

 

By the first quarter 2003, the exemptions of VAT payments will be reflected in the specific legislation. The general legal framework was established in 2002.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 4: To set-up a national NSIP office, or comparable arrangement, to:

-       Interface with NATO commands, the International Staff and NATO Committees on NSIP projects;

-       Be responsible for the preparation of Capability Packages and project submissions;

-       Be responsible for project follow-up and NSIP accounting.

 

The actions to be completed include:

·       By June 2003, establish and staff the national office within the Department for Euro- Atlantic Integration and Defence Policy, Ministry of National Defence;

·       By September 2003, draft/amend Ministry of National Defence regulations to provide for its integration into the integrated defence planning system;

·       By November 2003, train the necessary personnel.

 

 


 

 

SECTION IV: SECURITY ISSUES

 

 

OBJECTIVE 1: Complete, up-date and harmonise all the legal national documents relevant to the security of NATO in order to be able to sign and ratify NATO Security Agreement and the ATOMAL Agreement.

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·       Up-date and harmonise the legal framework in this field;

·       Complete the implementation of the necessary legal measures in accordance with the requirements of the NATO Security Policy.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 2: Empowering ORNISS as the National Security Authority of Romania for the protection of NATO classified information; completing the establishment of the INFOSEC Agencies.

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·       Acquire, fit out and settle in a new head office;

·       Finalise the organisational and personnel structure;

·       Set up the relevant departments in the INFOSEC field (SAA, NCSA, NDA) and in the industrial security field;

·       Staff ORNISS and subordinated Agencies with qualified personnel.

 

OBJECTIVE 3: Extending and developing the National Registry System

 

Actions to be completed by November 2003 include:

·       Identify the national bodies, ministries, agencies in Bucharest and in the country that require setting up Registries / Sub-registries / Control Points and define the requirements for physical security;

·       Set up the Registries/ Sub-registries / Control Points in all the bodies further involved in handling and disseminating NATO classified information and adjust the existing ones to the new conditions.

 

Ongoing actions include:

·         Improve the operation of the new Registries/ Subregistries/ Control Points using computers connected to the secure network of the National Registry System.

 

OBJECTIVE 4: Put in full operation the INFOSEC Agencies

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·       Enable the INFOSEC Agencies as bodies responsible in this field as is stated in the appropriate legal framework;

·       Suitable entities are to be identified and accredited to carry out services of security evaluation, certification and laboratory determination;

·         Prepare the accreditation process for Communication and Information Systems storing, processing and transmitting NATO classified information. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE 5: Establish an appropriate interconnectivity with NATO

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·         Implement NATO requirements in the communication systems, in order to be able to be connected to the Alliance’ systems;

·         Provide the necessary equipment to set up the transmission channel.

 

OBJECTIVE 6:  Identifying and adequately clearing those persons that will occupy positions requiring NATO Security Clearance in order to ensure a pool of cleared personnel upon accession to NATO

 

By February 2003, over 3,800 persons were vetted, out of which over 2,800 from the MoD.

 

Actions to be completed by September 2003 include:

·       Identify the positions requiring a NATO Security Clearance (including those positions that will be involved in NATO structures);

·       Continue the vetting procedure for those persons further involved in protection and dissemination of NATO classified information.

 

Actions to be completed by February 2004 include:

·       Finalise the vetting procedures for those personnel that represents “core-personnel”.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 7: Cooperation between ORNISS and the National Designated Security Authorities (DSAs) in the field of Industrial Security 

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·       Establish an appropriate procedure of cooperation between ORNISS as NSA and the DSAs in this field;

·       Draft and implement an appropriate security regulation;

·       Identify the economic agents with state or private capital that are capable of taking part in the carrying out of NATO classified contracts.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 8: Preparing counter-intelligence and security services to work with the NATO Office of Security and within the Special Committee and participate in its activities

 

Ongoing actions include:

·       Cooperation of the security and counter-intelligence services with the NATO Office of Security and within the Special Committee in order to contribute to the achievement of the objectives in the Security Agenda;

·       Constantly improve the specialised structures and increase their analytical and operational capabilities to achieve the intelligence exchange within the Alliance in real time;

·       Participate in an active manner to extending cooperation and establishing conditions for a policy of control and countering the security risks, especially terrorist threats.

 

 

OBJECTIVE 9: Continuing and developing the training process of the staff dealing with NATO classified information

 

Actions to be completed by May 2003 include:

·         Organize specialised courses for the experts carrying out their activity in this field.

 

Ongoing actions include:

·         Coordinate the training of personnel with responsibilities in the field of NATO classified information protection;

·         Ensure a special training for the persons having access to NATO classified information;

·         Train the personnel selected to hold positions within the Alliance’s structures.

 

OBJECTIVE 10: Continuing and extending to inform the public concerning the protective security demands

 

Actions to be completed by December 2003 include:

·         Set up the website of ORNISS

 

Ongoing actions include:

·         Organise security education activities with the support of NOS and NATO member states. Representatives of ORNISS and NATO, as well as MP’s will be invited to take part in these activities;

·         Issue public information materials concerning the necessity of the protective security of NATO classified information.

 

OBJECTIVE 11: To provide the financial resources for 2004 in order to sustain the activity for protection of NATO classified information and to ensure the interoperability of the National Registry System.

 

Actions to be completed by August 2003 include:

·         Assess the amount of the financial resources to be allocated;

·         Include the respective amounts in the Draft Budget for 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION V: LEGAL ISSUES

 

 

OBJECTIVE 1: Accede to the Washington Treaty, to the 1951 Agreement on the status of forces (London SOFA) and to the 1952 Protocol on the military headquarters (Paris Protocol)

 

The actions to be completed include:

·       By early May, 2004[1]:

-       Pass the Law of accession to the 1949 Washington Treaty.

 

·       Three months upon invitation[2]:

-       Pass the Laws of accession to the 1951 Agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty regarding the status of their forces (London SOFA), as well as the 1952 Protocol on the status of international military headquarters set up pursuant to the North Atlantic Treaty (Paris Protocol).

 

 

OBJECTIVE 2: Accede to any other NATO Agreement for which there is no need for invitation

 

The actions include:

·       Three months after entry into force of the accession Law to the Washington Treaty[3]:

-       Pass the Law of accession to the 1997 Agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty for the security of information (Brussels Agreement).

-       Pass the Laws of accession to the 1951 Agreement on the status of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, national representatives and international staff (Ottawa Agreement) and to the 1994 Agreement on the status of Missions and Representatives of third states to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Brussels Agreement).

 

·       Six months after entry into force of the accession Law to the Washington Treaty:

-       Pass the Laws of accession to the 1960 Agreement for the mutual safeguarding of secrecy of inventions related to defence and for which applications for patents have been made (Paris Agreement), as well as to the 1970 NATO Agreement on the communication of technical information for defence purposes (Brussels Agreement).

 

·       Three months after entry into force of the accession Law to the Agreement for the security of information:

-       Pass the Laws of accession to the Agreement for cooperation regarding atomic information (C-M(64)39) and to the Administrative Arrangements to implement the Agreement (C-M(68)41, 5th Revise).

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] under Parlamentary emergency procedure

[2] under Parlamentary emergency procedure

[3] under Parlamentary emergency procedure