Main issues

The Conference on Disarmament General Presentation

The Conference on Disarmament (CD), established in 1979 as the single multilateral disarmament-negotiating forum of the international community, was a result of the first Special Session on Disarmament of the United Nations General Assembly held in 1978. It succeeded other Geneva-based negotiating fora, which include the Ten-Nation Committee on Disarmament (1960), the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament (1962-68), and the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (1969-78).

As originally constituted, the CD had 40 members. Subsequently its membership was expanded to 66 countries. The CD has invited other UN Member States that have expressed a desire to participate in the CD's substantive discussions, but are not presently members of the Conference, to take part in its work.

The CD and its predecessors have negotiated such major multilateral arms limitation and disarmament agreements as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques, the seabed treaties, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. [For more on the Conference on Disarmament history, membership and activities on]

Excerpts from the CD Web Page of UN Office Geneva

Romania at the Conference on Disarmament

Romania is one of the founding members of the Conference on Disarmament and is State Party to all major multilateral arms limitation and disarmament agreements (see also the Selective List of Agreements) and participates to all CD activities.

Romania exercised the office of President of the CD from February 16 to March 16 1997 and Romanian representatives served as Special Coordinators to subsidiary bodies, last time in 1998 as Special Coordinator for the CD Agenda item concerning Transparency In Arms (TIA), a body mandated to approach aspects of Conventional Armaments.

Next page >